Introducing a New Manuscript of Wīdēwdād Numbered 53388 Belonging to the Astan Quds Razavi Library, Mashhad, Iran

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Department of History.


The present article introduces another version of Wīdēwdād sade, number 53388, preserved in the manuscript section of Astan Quds Razavi Library. This manuscript, which belongs to the simple Indian tradition, was written by a prolific writer named Rostam, son of Bahrām, son of Dārāb, son of Sohrāb, son of Mānk, in 1115 Yazdgirdi/1159 A.H./1746 AD. He wrote in the port of Surat, India. He, who is from the family of Mobedān Sanjāneh and is related to Mobedān  Naryosang, wrote the manuscript at the request of three brothers named Mānk, Khuršid and Bahmān, the sons of Hērbed Sohrāb Ramji Saker, so that they could use their father’s name and as Ašodād (Charity), give the manuscript to Hērbed Bhika, son of Burzo, a resident of Balsara town, and he will use this copy in the Yazišn religious ceremony and give its reward to this family. One of the advantages of this edition is the completeness of all parts of Yasnā, Visperad, and twenty-two Fargards of Wīdēwdād, tricks, and customs of Yazišn, and it is reliable in terms of the accuracy of the writing. This version has an inscription at the end, which is in Pahlavi, Persian and Gujarati scripts.